Re: [asa] Moderate Theology

From: D. F. Siemens, Jr. <>
Date: Sat Oct 13 2007 - 15:17:52 EDT

Your "moderate theology" is less moderate than the several confessions
that come from the time of the Reformation. As to justification of your
interpretation, I see no indication that you have met the problems I've
noted: JASA, 38:292-31 (1986); PSCF, 42:181f (1990) and 59:194-200

On Fri, 12 Oct 2007 20:02:28 -0400 "Dick Fischer"
<> writes:
Michael Zimmerman who is responsible for the Clergy Letter Project
( will be in our area 21-24 October. I hope to
get a chance to meet with him and discuss possibly getting some traction
for a “Moderate Theology.” Since my book, Historical Genesis, is not out
yet all I can say at this point is please assume there is ample
justification to consider Genesis 2-11 as a historical account of the
origination of the Adamites and Semites. Here then is brief summary of
some of the highlights of conservative, liberal, and moderate theology,
side by side. Please scrutinize this tentative list and comment
affirmatively or negatively as the Spirit leads you. Naturally I’m
biased and can see the specks in your eyes unperturbed by the log in
mine, but I am earnestly soliciting your objections, corrections, and

Moderate Theology

Predominantly, Christians use one of two methods of apology, conservative
and liberal, and Christians tend to be polarized between these opposite
extremes. The following summaries are generalizations only, and are not
intended to represent every shade of Christian belief. Moderate Theology
attempts to borrow from the two polar extremes keeping the good points
from each and discarding unworkable methods of accommodation. Bible,
science, and history are all given the utmost respect and consideration
with a view that in the end all truth should be reconcilable.

Some Characteristics of a Conservative Theology

1. Genesis 1-11 is interpreted as the factual history of the
creation of all mankind.
2. A “literal” interpretation of Genesis 1-11 is advocated, but
flawed by inconsistent exegesis.
3. The Bible alone is seen as sufficient for all understanding,
history is ignored, and science subverted.
4. The Bible is usually seen as inerrant either as translated or in
the original manuscripts.
5. The “days” of creation in Genesis 1 are interpreted as 24-hour
periods with Adam’s creation on the sixth day.
6. No physical death occurred in the animal world until Adam
committed Original Sin.
7. No genetic links are allowed between species, all animals and
especially man were brought into being through individual acts of special
8. Adam is considered the progenitor of the entire human race and
lived approximately 6,000 years ago.
9. The fossil record was distributed by a global flood that
destroyed all animal and human life with the exception of Noah, his
immediate family, and a boatload of animals.
10. All the world’s languages commenced at the tower of Babel.

Some Characteristics of Liberal Theology

Genesis 1-11 is interpreted as a theological presentation of human
Adam represents the first human being who may have lived over 100,000
years ago, or perhaps he didn’t live at all.
Genesis 1-11 may be understood as allegory, poetry, mythology, or
Genesis 1-11 has theological value, but is considered factually flawed.
A relationship with Christ guides our understanding as the Holy Spirit
reveals what is important.
Biblical interpretation is a matter of faith, though influenced by the
revelations of science.
The Bible is considered to be authoritative and divinely inspired, though
not inerrant.
The “days” of creation in Genesis 1 usually are considered as “day-age”
and may be realigned.
The Genesis flood may have been a local inundation perhaps borrowed from
Sumerian epic tales.
Modern science generally is taken at full face value, and Bible and
science are reconciled by subordinating Scripture.

Some Characteristics of Moderate Theology

Genesis 1-11 is considered the factual history of the Semites, not the
entire human race.
A literal interpretation of Genesis 1-11 is advocated coupled with sound,
consistent exegesis, and mindful of archaic Hebrew language
Scripture considered inerrant in the autographs, but suffers from errors
in transmission, translation, and interpretation.
KJV is preferred translation, though needs revision in light of
historical evidence.
The “days” of creation are seen as days of God’s time, not man’s time.
Adam is considered to be the federal head of the human race, the
biological head of the Semitic race, and the first to receive God’s
Faith alone has proved insufficient for understanding.
Scripture can be clarified by Scripture, and Bible interpreters need to
consider revelations of modern science and ancient history.
Impartial, unbiased data and evidence should guide us in formulating
theories of understanding, both theological and scientific.
Scientific theories are best left to credentialed scientists. Modern
science poses no threat to Genesis 1-11, correctly interpreted in accord
with the history of the ancient Near East.

Quick Contrast

View of Scripture
1. Conservative: High View, inerrancy upheld.
2. Liberal: Genesis not considered historically accurate.
3. Moderate: High View, inerrancy upheld.

History of the Ancient Near East
1. Conservative: Ignored.
2. Liberal: Ignored
3. Moderate: Given weight in interpretation of Scripture.

1. Conservative: Subverted to biblical interpretation.
2. Liberal: Given full consideration.
3. Moderate: Given full consideration.

Please feel free to flail away.


Dick Fischer
Dick Fischer, Genesis Proclaimed Association
Finding Harmony in Bible, Science, and History

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Received on Sat Oct 13 15:48:23 2007

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