RE: The death of the RTB model

From: Dick Fischer <>
Date: Sat Feb 11 2006 - 12:10:58 EST

The part I have a problem with is Templeton's conclusion that they "made
love not war." I'm sure Homo erectus tribes welcomed with open arms
hoards of Homo sapiens warriors eager to spread their genes among the
lady folk. Methinks Templeton's science outflanks his knowledge of
human behavior.
A more likely scenario is that once the homeland security guards were
dispatched the young girls and maybe children too were incorporated into
the attacker's group of camp followers. You can ask Paul Harvey for
"the rest of the story."
BTW, welcome back to the list for the 37th time, Glenn :>).
Dick Fischer
-----Original Message-----
From: [] On
Behalf Of
Sent: Saturday, February 11, 2006 7:57 AM
Subject: The death of the RTB model
I would like to thank Janice for alerting me to Templeton's article. I
have added this information to my page I bought it tonight, read it
and have added this to the page referenced.
 Out- of- Africa--a dead theory

Rana and Ross depend upon the Out-of-Africa/Recent Replacement theory to
be correct. If that theory is falsified, then their views also are
falsified. Alan Templeton recently published "Haplotype Trees and Modern
Human Origins" in the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 2005,
(48:33-59). This article examines 25 different locations in human
nuclear DNA instead of mtDNA. The paper then combines the results of all
these locales and proves that the Out-of-Africa theory is false. It
takes multiple sites across the human genome and statistically analyses
them for population expansions. Unlike mtDNA, nuclear DNA is capable of
detecting population events (expansions) several million years ago.
Templeton detected three major population expansions.

The first population expansion dates 1.9 million years ago (Templeton,
2005, p. 48). This event did not happen 100 kyr ago as the Out-of-Africa
model would require as would the RTB Rana/Ross model. The 95% confidence
limits on this expansion are .99 million years to 3.1 million years ago.
In other words, there is a 95% chance that it happened prior to 1
million years ago. Three genetic systems showed this pattern (CYP1A2,
Lactase and Fut2). If all humans arose only 100,000 years ago, we should
not have evidence of earlier expansions in our genes. This expansion
corresponds archaeologically with the expansion of H. erectus into
Eurasia. If we are unrelated to them, our genes should not show this

The second population expansion dates at 0.65 million years ago (95%
confidence of it happening between 390,000 and 970,000 years ago). Seven
genetic regions showed this expansion. This expansion also should not be
seen in human genomes if we arose from a tiny population 100,000 years
ago, yet it is there. This expansion correlates to the spread of the
Acheulean hand-ax culture, which originated in Africa but spread to the
rest of the world (Templeton, 2005, p. 48).

The final expansion seen in our genes is the one the mtDNA illuminates.
The nuclear genome dates this event at 130,000 years ago (95% confidence
interval of 96,000 to 169,000 years ago). Five nuclear genomic regions
showed this expansion. This is the expansion of anatomically modern man
through the world (Templeton, 2005, p. 48).

Templeton then tested whether or not all the detected population
expansions were simultaneous. The data indicated that there was only one
chance in 1015 that the expansions happened at the same time (Templeton,
2005, p. 48). In other words, probabilities rule out that the nuclear
genome of humans arose in one expansion whether that expansion happened
130,000 years ago or earlier. This is practical proof of interbreeding
between all humans over the past 2 million years. If humans have NO
genetic input from any of the archaic hominids, we should not see this
kind of statistical pattern in the DNA.

Templeton concludes with this damning statement of the Out-of-Africa

"One hypothesis about recent human evolution was the out-of-Africa
replacement hypothesis, in which anatomically modern humans arose first
in Africa, then expanded out-of-Africa as a new type (or even species)
of humans, and drove the older 'type' of humans found on the Eurasian
continent to total genetic extinction. The early work on mtDNA haplotype
trees was often presented as proof of this hypothesis, but there was no
effort to test the replacement hypothesis vs. alternatives with the
mtDNA (Templeton, 1994). With multilocus data sets, the hypothesis of
total replacement can be tested, and it is strongly rejected (P< 10-17).
Thus, the hypothesis of total replacement can no longer be regarded as
tenable." (Templeton, 2005, p. 56)

If this theory is no longer tenable, then neither is the RTB model, as
Rana and Ross proclaim.
Received on Sat Feb 11 12:12:06 2006

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