From: Dr. David Campbell <>
Date: Wed Nov 09 2005 - 19:19:35 EST

> > If I'm not mistaken the Moors
> > would have taken all of
> > Europe except that Charles Martel stopped them when
> > they came over the Pyrenees.

Hard to say on all Europe, but it is true that Islam spread through
conquering Christian areas in the Middle East, North Africa, and
Europe, and Martel's victory was a significant stop. On the other
hand, it seems likely that some of the nobles pushing for a crusade had
their eyes on potential commercial opportunities if Muslim competition
could be removed, and some crusaders attacked Christians (Eastern
Orthodox or proto-Protestant) instead of Muslims. (Not that attacking
Muslims is necessarily OK but that the former raises obvious questions
about aspects of the claimed religious motives.)

Dr. David Campbell
425 Scientific Collections Building
Department of Biological Sciences
Biodiversity and Systematics
University of Alabama, Box 870345
Tuscaloosa AL 35487-0345  USA
Received on Wed Nov 9 19:20:49 2005

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