Wayne rightly wrote,
<< So then the crux of this point is, how did the author's of
Genesis 1 - 11 actually see the extent and universiality
of the word "human"? >>
The answer is in Gen 1:26, 27 which reads, God said, Let us make man (Adam)
in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of
the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the
earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. So God
created man (the Adam) in his own image, in the image of God created he him;
male and female created he them.
The preceding context in Gen 1 with its creation of the sky, earth, sun, etc
is clearly universal; and this universality carries through Gen 1:26-28 both
because man is the climax of the creation and because literarily the section
does not end until 2:4. In addition the task given to man of ruling the
various other living parts of the creation and subduing the earth ties
mankind to the preceding universal creation. Also, Adam in these verse is not
a personal name because the female is included (Let THEM have dominion; and
male and female created he THEM). Also, the article in verse 27 before Adam
tells us Adam is not a personal name because the article is not usually used
before personal names.
In Gen 5 where Adam the individual appears perhaps in v. 1, certainly in v.
3, this individual is merged with the generic mankind Adam of Gen 1:26-28.
This merge is seen in the reference to God's "likeness" in 5:1, which is
mentioned in Gen 1, but not in Gen 2-3. The merge is also seen in Gen 5:2
where as in Gen 1, not 2-3, the male and female are both called Adam. When
the individual appears in v. 3, he is so merged with the universal Adam of
Gen 1, that it is impossible to disentangle him and make him less than the
father of all mankind.
This is probably reflected in Paul's statement in Acts 17:26 "and he made of
one every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, having
determined their appointed seasons, and the bounds of their habitation." It
is remotely possible, however, that Paul is referring to Noah, but his
statments in vv. 24 and 25 have reference to the creation; so it is probable
that he is speaking of Adam, not Noah.
By his grace,
Gen 5:1, 2. This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God
created man (Adam), in the likeness of God made he him; Male and female
created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day
when they were created.
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