>>>One must distinguish the past evolution of the characteristics of the
>>>moon from that of its original creation. Evolutionary theory deals
>>>with the appearance of new complex forms of life from simpler ones.
>>There is no good measure of complexity that distinguishes among
>>vertebrate forms of life and there is some question that even the
>>metazoans can be distinguished without controversy (I think they might).
>>On the basis of your suggested criterion -- complexity -- could we put
>>you in with the group of scientists that thinks lampreys and humans
>>evolved naturally from a common ancestor?
>When I lived in California I was in a jury case in the trial of the
>Oakland Seven--during the Vietnam War these accused blocked a train
>track carrying military material. I was dismissed by the prosecution
>and I wondered why. I spoke to the defense attorney, who was an
>Armenian like me, and he said that I would never be a juror in a
>criminal case since I am a scientist and would require too much proof
>In answer to your question, you could not put me in such a group of
>scientists. I am in the same position of people who have to take what
>I say quo physicist by faith since they do not know enough to judge by
>themselves the physics involved. I require too much proof and I do not
>see it in this case.
Ok, but let's be clear that "complexity" was _not_ the sticking point
in the question of vertebrate evolution.
Further, let's try to be sure that we have actually taken the time
to study and research the question at hand before assuming what
proof is actually available.
>Perhaps it is my realization that it is logically impossible to avoid
>the existence of a Creator. Also, I associate the Creator with the
>biblical God and His Son Jesus Christ. For instance, the following
>puzzles me, why did Jesus say that from the beginning God created them
>male and female? Did He think we were not ready for a class in biology
>or evolutionary theory?
Considering that dolphins and flounder were grouped as "fish"
in ancient zoological classifications, and that people continually
had problems understanding infectious diseases, a little instruction
in biology wouldn't have hurt.
I don't pretend to know what He thought (I'm skeptical of those that
do). That's why I don't get too worried about why the order of creation
of various forms of life as described in Genesis doesn't seem to track
with physical evidence. Or why the depiction of animals being created
as either male or female doesn't bother me when I'm confronted with
bacteria (it's hard to call what they have as "sex", let alone
identifying a male or female), parthenogenic insects and reptiles,
fish that change sex over the course of their life, and hermaphroditic
organisms like worms. Perhaps He had something else in mind other than
providing a historically accurate account. Perhaps He was shooting for
spiritual, metaphysical or moral instruction instead?
>>>The analogous statement for the moon would be to find a simpler moon to
>>>which the present more complex moon evolved from.
>>That's not the impression I've had reading your posts.
>>The actual statement I feel you've been defending is that events which
>>happened unobserved in the past are not valid scientific subjects.
>>After all, we could never have predicted the specific pattern of craters
>>that appear on the moon, let alone whether a moon would have formed
>>to orbit the earth. And we certainly can't jump into the "way-back
>>machine" and see it all happen again.
>What I have said is that the subject matter of science is determined by
>physical devices. For instance, consciousness cannot be determined or
>measured with a physical device and so it is not the subject matter of
>science. Only the non-physical self in man can detect consciousness.
>Fossil, stones, etc. are physical entities that can tell a story via
>physical devices that measure, for instance, chemical composition, age,
>etc. Therefore, your understanding of what I have said is not quite right!
_One_ of the things you said was that science involves measurement by
physical devices. But that wasn't what I was discussing, which actually
addressed the reconstruction of past events and the relative importance
of prediction in defining what represented science. Others raised
these same issues.
>>>It is the problem of origins that I strong believe is not a scientific
>>I'm aware of your beliefs. But let me ask you something that you
>>once considered in an earlier post:
>>What role do you think pre-existing religious convictions play in
>>forming such a belief about what constitutes "true science"(tm).
>Philosophers, psychologists, etc. can talk and do talk about with is
>time. But physicists define time operationally via clocks. It is that
Other scientists measure bones, the location & strata in which fossils are
found, and the %similarity of organisms on the basis of numerous
parameters. Still others feed data into computers that dispassionately
sort groups into patterns of relatedness. Some observe what genetic
transformations are available today, determine the patterns produced
in the genome and locate these patterns in the genomes of existing
organisms and occasionally, in the DNA of organisms that lived in the
past. It's not simple. But then, neither was finding a good clock.
>The whole of science is like that otherwise objectivity will soon disappear
>from science. This has nothing to do with my religious views. In fact,
>by reigning in science one can then talk about the supernatural. Otherwise,
>doing science is confused with human reasoning and then one is lead to
>scientism, materialism, etc.
Moorad, taking measurements and doing calculations without reasoning isn't
science; it's accounting. Yes, it is important to minimize subjective
influences, but that's not what human reasoning necessarily is.
Tim Ikeda (firstname.lastname@example.org)
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