There is only one Noble prize in physics that has anything to do with the
Big Bang-- Penzias and Wilson 1978--and that was an accidental discovery
not influenced by theoretical work on the early universe. Of course, our
interpretation of the radiation being the remnant of the Big Band may change
in the future. My challenge to those who know the field of physiology or
medicine, etc. is the following: What Nobel Prize granted in such fields was
the result of applications of evolutionary theory? I enclose the press
release of this year's prize in physiology or medicine. Moorad
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award The
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2001.
All organisms consist of cells that multiply through cell division. An adult
human being has approximately 100 000 billion cells, all originating from a
single cell, the fertilized egg cell. In adults there is also an enormous
number of continuously dividing cells replacing those dying. Before a cell
can divide it has to grow in size, duplicate its chromosomes and separate
the chromosomes for exact distribution between the two daughter cells. These
different processes are coordinated in the cell cycle.
This year's Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine have made seminal
discoveries concerning the control of the cell cycle. They have identified
key molecules that regulate the cell cycle in all eukaryotic organisms,
including yeasts, plants, animals and human. These fundamental discoveries
have a great impact on all aspects of cell growth. Defects in cell cycle
control may lead to the type of chromosome alterations seen in cancer cells.
This may in the long term open new possibilities for cancer treatment.
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