The Protestant Reformation, which split Christianity into different
in the 16th
Century, did little to reduce anti-Semitism. For much of his life the
Reformation leader Martin Luther expressed moderate views toward Jews.
Jews would become converts to the faith, Luther urged humane treatment.
the Jews failed to convert, he turned against them. In his booklet Of
published four years before he died in 1546, Luther advised:
"First, their synagogues or churches should be set on
likewise be broken down and destroyed....They ought be put under one
in a stable,
like gypsies....Thirdly, they should be deprived of their
prayerbooks....Fourthly, their rabbis
must be forbidden under threat of death to teach anymore...."
"in ipso enim vivimus et movemur et sumus sicut"
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