George Murphy (
Mon, 29 Sep 1997 21:36:48 -0400

Craig Rusbult wrote:

> Is this because everyone *wants* ID to fail, so that MN will be the
> dominant viewpoint of scientists who are theists? And if so, is this due
> to thinking that God is never active (except for "sustaining") in nature?

The classical doctrines of providence include not only God's
action of "sustaining" creatures, but also "cooperation" (God as 1st
cause acting with & through creatures as 2d causes) and "governance".
Including God's action in these ways, & especially cooperation, is no
minor thing. It is a statement of faith that God is active in
everything that happens in the world.

George L. Murphy