Re: Neanderthal DNA

Bill Hamilton (
Tue, 15 Jul 1997 09:18:44 -0400

At 3:36 PM -0700 7/14/97, Robert Wahl wrote:
>Couldn't we say that a bipedal hominid with interesting
>teeth (like Lucy) is sub human but we look to a phenotype called 'spiritual
>awareness' to indicate a human?

Is this a legitimate use of the term phenotype? Aren't phenotypic
differences supposed to be observable? I don't see that spiritual
awareness is directly observable. Glenn is trying to observe it indirectly
through evidence of behavioral characteristics (indirect observation of
behavior). This is a reasonable approach for believers, but the two levels
of indirection create lots of room for diasagreement with nonbelievers.

Bill Hamilton
William E. Hamilton, Jr, Ph.D. | Staff Research Engineer
Chassis and Vehicle Systems | General Motors R&D Center | Warren, MI
810 986 1474 (voice) | 810 986 3003 (FAX) | (home email)