Chronology of Human Technology (references)

Glenn Morton (grmorton@psyberlink.net)
Sat, 05 Jul 1997 21:12:55 -0500

About 6 weeks ago I was asked to provide the references for my Chronology of
Human Technology. I should have put the references with it originally
because it took me this long to re-collect them. There are a few additions,
changes and corrections from the preceding list. I am going to put this on
the evolution reflector also, due to some pertinent discussions over there.

History of Human Chronology, compiled by G.R. Morton,
http://www.isource.net/~grmorton/dmd.htm

Age BP Oldest example of... place Species
Ref.

2.0 kyr continuous industrial site Bigo, Uganda H. s. 1
2.0 kyr grammar text Greece H. s. 2
3.0 kyr census Israel H. s. 3
3.0 kyr iron mine Velem St. Vid, Hungary H. s. 4
4.0 kyr oldest song Ur, Iraq H. s. 5
4.5 kyr Maya farming Belize H. s. 6
4.8 kyr fixed calendrical date Egypt H. s. 7
5.0 kyr extrabibilcal person's name Egypt H. s. 8
6.0 kyr iron object Egypt H. s. 9
6.0 kyr existant ship England H. s. 10
6.0 kyr horse domesticated Ukraine H. s. 11
6.5 kyr gold jewelry Varna, Bulgaria H. s. 12
7.0 kyr wine Zagros Mtns, Iran H. s. 13
7.5 kyr two-stage domed kiln Yarim Tepe, Iraq H. s. 14
8.4 kyr dugout canoe Pesse, Netherlands H. s. 15
9.0 kyr fragment of cloth Turkey H. s. 16
9.0 kyr pigs domesticated Greece H. s. 17
9.0 kyr continuous religion Queensland,Australia H. s. 18
9.4 kyr boat paddle Star Carr, England H. s. 19
9.5 kyr sheep domesticated Turkey H. s. 20
10 kyr goats domesticated Asiab,Iran H. s. 21
10 kyr wooden Australian boomerang Wyrie Swamp, Australia H. s. 22
10 kyr depiction of warfare Australia H. s. 23
11 kyr basket Danger Cave, Utah H. s. 24
11 kyr wooden arrow Hamburg, Germany H. s. 25
12 kyr city Mureybet Syria H. s. 26
12 kyr arrowhead San Teodoro, Sicily H. s. 27
13 kyr flint sickle Middle East H. s. 28
13 kyr first pottery Japan H. s. 29
13 kyr copper working various H. s. 30
13-14 kyr toothpick South Africa H. s. 31
13-14 kyr extant wooden hut remains Monte Verde, Chile H. s. 32
14 kyr fish hooks Europe H. s. 33
14 kyr H.S. religious sanctuary El Juyo Cave, Spain H. s. 34
18-19 kyr bone sewing needle Europe H. s.
35
19.3 kyr twisted fiber cord Othalo, Israel H. s. 36
19. kyr fishing net Ohalo II, Israel H. s. 37
20 kyr ivory boomerang Oblazowa, Poland H. s. 38
23 kyr ground stone tools Malangangerr, Australia H. s. 39
25 kyr net fishing Willendra Lake, Australia H. s. 40
25 kyr puppet Brno, Moravia H. s. 41
27 kyr impression of woven cloth Eastern Europe H. s. 42
27 kyr ceramics Dolni Vestonice H. s. 43
30 kyr human cremation Lake Mungo Australia H. s. 44
32 kyr coal mine Landek, Czechoslovakia H. s. 45
35 kyr fossil collection Arcy-sur-Cure H. s. n. 46
36 kyr glue Umm el Tlel, Syria ? 47
39 kyr cave painting Carpenter's Gap,Australia a. H.s. 48
43-67 kyr 7 note musical scale Divje Babe I, Slovenia H.s.n.
49
45 kyr Neanderthal flute Divje Babe I, Slovenia H.s.n. 50
47 kyr surgical amputation Shanidar, Iraq H.s.n. 51
50 kyr shaman's cape Hortus, France H.s.n. 52
60 kyr Neanderthal hut/tent Molodova, Russia H.s.n. 53
68 kyr Murder by spear Shanidar, Iraq H.s.n. 54
70-80 kyr Neanderthal art,pseudoVenus Wildenmannlisloch, Switz. H.s.n. 55
70-80 kyr musical instrument-flute Haua Fteah, Libya H.s.n. 56
73 kyr use of coal for fire Les Canalettes H.s.n. 57
75-116 kyr rock engraving Jinmium, Australia a. H. s. 58
80 kyr H. s. wooden spear Mt. Carmel, Israel H. s. 59
80 kyr Neanderthal bone tool Regourdou, France H.s.n. 60
80 kyr religious sanctuary Drachenloch,Switzerland H.s.n. 61
90-100 kyr whistles Prolom II, Crimea a.H. s. 62
110 kyr underground mining Lion Cave, Swaziland ? 63
110-130 kyr Neanderthal spear Lehringen, Germany H.s.n. 64
130 kyr burial Krapina, Croatia H.s.n. 65
130 kyr food processors various a. H. s. 66
140 kyr over-horizon sailing Australia a. H. s. 67
200 kyr post hole Lunel-Viel a. H. s. 68
200 kyr Neanderthal bedding Lazaret, France H.s.n. 69
200 kyr Neanderthal living floor Grotte d'Aldene H.s.n. 70
230 kyr European human dung Terra Amata, France H. e.? 71
240 kyr Upper Paleo.blade tools Kenya ? 72
240-700 kyr carpentered wooden plank Gesher Benot Ya'aqov H. e. 73
250 kyr Mousterian tools Vaufry Cave, France ? 74
300 kyr geometric engraving Pech de lAze H. e.
75
300 kyr Arctic clothing needed Diring Yuriakh,Siberia ? 76
300 kyr jewelry various H. e. 77
330 kyr Depiction of human form Berekhat Ram, Israel H. e./a.H.s 78
>350 kyr stone wall Bhimbetka, India a.H.s/H.e. 79
3-400 kyr Scalping Bodo,Ethiopia H. e. 80
3-400 kyr European huts Bilzingsleben,Germany H. e. 81
3-400 kyr paved social area Bilzingsleben,Germany H. e. 82
3-400 kyr evidence of counting Bilzingsleben,Germany H. e. 83
400 kyr wooden spears Schoningen, Germany H. e. 84
400 kyr 3 component composite tools Schoningen, Germany H. e. 85
400 kyr tools made by other tools Schoningen, Germany H. e. 86
400 kyr wooden boomerang Schoningen, Germany H. e. 87
500 kyr mineral collection Zhoukoudian, China H. e. 88
500 kyr man and canine assoc. Zhoukoudian, China H. e. 89
500 kyr Asian fire Zhoukoudian, China H. e. 90
700 kyr Asian over ocean travel Flores, Indonesia H. e. 91
750 kyr European fire Escale Cave, France H. e. 92
800-900 kyr Homo erectus bedding Wonderwork Cave, S. A. H. e. 93
970 kyr European structure Soleihac Cave H. e.? 94
1.0 MYR tanning hides Swartkrans, South Africa H. e. 95
1.5 MYR evidence of fire Swartkrans South Africa H. e./A.r.96
1.5 MYR woodworking Koobi Fora, Kenya H. e. 97
1.6 MYR Man-made representative art Olduvai Gorge H. e.? 98
1.6 MYR working with animal hides Swartkrans A. r. 99
1.6 MYR bone tool Swartkrans A. r.
100
1.7 MYR Human compassion East Africa H. e.
101
1.8 MYR over ocean travel? Orce, Spain H. e.
102
1.9 MYR Right-handedness Koobi Fora H. e.
103
1.95 MYR Larynx capable of Speech H. e.
104
2.0 MYR Brain structure of Language Lake Rudolf H. h.
105
2.0 MYR Windbreak structure Olduvai H. e.
106
2.0 MYR Oldest Toothpick use Ethiopia H. e.
107
2.5 MYR Genus Homo Lake Rudolf H. r.
108
2.6 MYR Stone tools Gona,Ethiopia ?
109
3.0 MYR recognized art Makapansgat,South Afr. A. af.
110
3.4 MYR TMJ Disease Laetoli, Tanzania A. af.
111
4.0 MYR Bipedalism Kanapoi, Kenya A. an.
112
5.5 MYR earliest hominid fossil Lothagam, Kenya A. ?
113

H.s.= Homo sapiens
a.Homo sapiens=archaic Homo sapiens
H.s.n.=Homo sapiens neanderthalensis
H.e. = Homo erectus
H.h. = Homo habilis
H.r. = Homo rudolfensis
A.af.= Australopithecus africanus
A.r. = Australopithecus robustus
A.an.= Australopithecus anamensis

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glenn

Foundation, Fall and Flood
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