One philosopher/apologist, William Lane Craig, prefers the Lorentz
interpretation and writes the following: "We thus have two different
interpretations of Relativity Theory which are radically different in their
metaphysical foundations and yet which are, to date, experimentally
indistinguishable and therefore insusceptible to scientific adjudication." FAITH
AND PHILOSOPHY, vol. 11, no.1, Jan. 1994, p.33.
My question is this: is there serious debate in the physics community about this
issue, or is Einstein's interpretation still preferred because of its conceptual
economy and beauty? As I recall, Einstein's principles of length contraction
and time dilation were entirely kinematic, resulting from two very reasonable
postulates, whereas Lorentz's interpretation requires a dynamical process (thus
far unknown) for the shrinking of measuring rods and the slowing of clocks. Can
anyone suggest literature about this?